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Gong Zutong
 


 

Gong Zutong (1904-1986), Han nationality, from Nanhui County, Jiangsu;  joined CPC in 1979; famous optical expert of China and one of founders of modern optics of China; member, research fellow and doctor tutor of the Chinese Academy of Sciences; representative of the 3rd NPC, vice chairman of the 2nd and the 4th Shaanxi Committee, CPPCC.
Founder, former director and honorary director of Xi’an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics;
Famous scientist and academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Wang Daheng, academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, spoke highly of Mr. Gong Zutong and highly praised that he was the forerunner and pioneer of the cause of optics of China and Mr. Gong’s monumental performance, mainly including: 1. he innovatively researched and developed first piece of optical glass and established first-generation optical glass industry of China;2. he successfully chaired research and development of the astronomical telescope (caliber 2.16m) known as the No.1 in East Asia in the 20th Century;3. he developed night vision technology and high-speed photography technology, making him the forerunner in developing photonics in China;4. he established Xi’an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics of Chinese Academy of Sciences, making it a famous modern high-speed photography development base both at home and abroad, for which he was granted the medal of honor of international photonics;5. he attached importance to training of talents and supported new things.  Based on Xi’an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics, he developed a team with ability to carry out comprehensive research and development and follow-up team with practice experience and engineering strength.
Résumé of Mr. Gong Zutong:
In 1926, admitted by Department of Physics, Tsinghua University;
In 1930, graduated with excellent score and retained at the university as a teacher after graduation;
In 1932, began to study in graduate school of Tsinghua University, with Zhao Zhongyao, forerunner of experimental nuclear physics of China, as the tutor;
In 1934, went to Berlin University of Technology, Germany for further studies for Doctor of Engineering with the wish of dedicating himself to the service of China through science and technology;
In 1938, returned to China and joined Kunming Optical Instrument Factory, the first optical factory in China;
During 1945-1948, as chief engineer with Qinhuangdao Yaohua Glass Factory, with work of sheet glass production recovery and improvement;
During 1948-1950, as chief engineer with Shanghai Yaohua Glass Factory;
In 1951, transferred to preparatory office of Changchun Instrument Center of Chinese Academy of Sciences under invitation of Wang Daheng, vice director of the Center, as director of the research department and in charge of research and development of optical glass; 
In 1957,  as vice director of optics and precision mechanics institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences  (now Changchun Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics);
In 1958, as vice president of Changchun Optical Machinery College; 
In 1960, as person-in-charge of China’s 2.16-m astronomical telescope; 
In 1962, came to Xi’an to establish Xi’an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, as director of the Institute to devote him to study of high-speed photography technology and fiber optics; 
During 1978-1981, as Chairman of Shaanxi Society of Physics;
During 1978-1984, as China national representative in international high-speed photography and optoelectronics conference;
During 1979-1984, as vice Chairman of Chinese Optical Society;
During 1979-1986, as vice director of optics and applied optics group of National Science and Technology Commission;
During 1980-1986, as vice director of Xi’an Branch, Chinese Academy of Sciences;
During 1980-1986, as Chairman of Shaanxi Optical Society; 
During 1981-1986, as consultant for night vision technology of Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense; 
During 1984-1986; as honorary director of Chinese Optical Society;
During 1984-1986; as honorary director of Xi’an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences; 
On June 26, 1986, died at age of 82 in Xi’an after failing to respond to any medical treatment.